Many factors are contributing to the decline in Hawaii’s forest bird populations, loss of habitat, climate change.. invasive species, but none more than disease. Avian Malaria and avian Poxvirus are spread by human introduced Mosquitoes. Historically, mosquitoes did not exist on Hawaii and native bird species never developed resistance to mosquito transmitted diseases. Because of this, mosquitoes have devastated many native bird populations.
Join me as I explore what scientists are doing to help reduce mosquito populations, determine avian malaria abundance and determine current and future solutions for malaria such as BTI and wolbachia.
This video also serves as a day in the life of a researcher which explains our research process and shows how we carry out the research in the field.
Supplemental footage by
Kauai Forest Bird Recovery Project’s Stock footage, Justin Hyte, Danya Weber, and
Jim Denny (footage of rat)
Collapsing avian community on a Hawaiian island BY EBEN H. PAXTON, RICHARD J. CAMP, P. MARCOS GORRESEN, LISA H. CRAMPTON, DAVID L. LEONARD, JR., ERIC A. VANDERWERF
SCIENCE ADVANCES07 SEP 2016 : E1600029
Atkinson, C. T., Utzurrum, R. B., Lapointe, D. A., Camp, R. J., Crampton, L. H., Foster, J. T. and Giambelluca, T. W. (2014), Changing climate and the altitudinal range of avian malaria in the Hawaiian Islands – an ongoing conservation crisis on the island of Kaua’i. Glob Change Biol, 20: 2426–2436. doi:10.1111/gcb.12535
Pardo-Lopez, L & Soberón, Mario & Bravo, Alejandra. (2012). Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal three-domain Cry toxins: Mode of action, insect resistance and consequences for crop protection. FEMS microbiology reviews. 37. . 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2012.00341.x.
Jean PopoviciI; Luciano A MoreiraI, II; Anne PoinsignonI; Inaki Iturbe-OrmaetxeI; Darlene McNaughtonIII; Scott L O’NeillI, Assessing key safety concerns of a Wolbachia-based strategy to control dengue transmission by Aedes mosquitoes ISchool of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane QLD, St. Lucia, 4072 Australia
Conor J. McMeniman1, Roxanna V. Lane1, Bodil N. Cass1, Amy W.C. Fong1, Manpreet Sidhu1, Yu-Feng Wang1,2, Scott L. O’Neill1,, Stable Introduction of a Life-Shortening WolbachiaInfection into the Mosquito Aedes aegypti. Science 02 Jan 2009: Vol. 323, Issue 5910, pp. 141-144 DOI: 10.1126/science.1165326
Vreysen MJ1, Saleh KM, Ali MY, Abdulla AM, Zhu ZR, Juma KG, Dyck VA, Msangi AR, Mkonyi PA, Feldmann HU. Glossina austeni (Diptera: Glossinidae) eradicated on the island of Unguja, Zanzibar, using the sterile insect technique. J Econ Entomol. 2000 Feb;93(1):123-35.
Carter T. Atkinson , William Watcher-Weatherwax , and Dennis Lapointe. Genetic diversity of “Wolbachia endosymbionts in Culex quinquefasciatus from Hawai`i, Midway Atoll, and Samoa” This product was prepared under Cooperative Agreement G15AC00191 for the Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center of the U.S. Geological Survey. By: Feb 2016
Uncredited City Ariel footage and Adult mosquito footage from Youtube Creative Commons, no accreditation needed.